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Tuesday, May 17

  1. page Karolina Nalewajko edited {chocolate.jpg} {chocolate.jpg} Chocolate - delicious, dark, milky, smooth, creamy, sweet, …

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    Chocolate - delicious, dark, milky, smooth, creamy, sweet, bitter - one of world’s favourite and most famous foods yet most of the people know so little about it. The cacao is a native South American tree and was used by the ancient South American civilizations like the, Aztecs Mayas, Olmecs, and Toltecs . Chocolate was considered the “Food of the Gods” ("History of Chocolate" para 17) .It was brought to Spain in 1600s by Columbus, where it was kept a secret for over 100 years. During 1700s the sweet secret escaped from Spain and chocolate became a wanted beverage in all Europe. ("Chocolate Facts" para 3-5) It was still very expensive but that was to change soon.
    Liquid Gold
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    The prices eventually drop and chocolate houses begin to appear in London as well as other parts of the country. The chocolate houses became competition to cafes, tea houses and pubs. ("History of Chocolate" para 10) However chocolate was still not completely affordable, because even the new chocolate factories used the old grinding methods.In 1795 for the first time a machine was used to grind cacao beans. ("Culture of the Cocoa Bean" para 18)
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    Goes Industrial
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    In 1795 Joseph Fry used a steam engine for grinding cocoa beans, this lead to large scale manufacture of chocolate.The introduction of the steam engine during this century mechanized cocoa bean grinding, reducing production costs and making chocolate affordable to all. The main inventions that helped chocolate to become so cheap and popular are: cocoa butter press and the conching machine. The coca press helped to quickly and effectively remove cocoa butter leaving only pure cocoa powder. The powder easily dissolved in water, which made drinking chocolate popular not only amongst the upper class. ("History of Chocolate" para 14) The conching machine was used to evaporate the acids and water from chocolate. This created a chocolate cream or dough. After that more cocoa butter was added to dense the dough. ("History of Chocolate" para 23)
    Coca Butter Press, 1828, Coenraad Van Houten
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    Cocoa was a cash crop grown to meet the European demands for chocolate. During late 1600s and early 1700s there was a great need for cacao. Many plantations were stared in Mid-South America. Cocoa was grown in South America mainly in Venezuela. Most of the Venezuelan economy was cacao for over 300 years. In 1684 there were 167 cocoa plantations with over half a million trees. By 1740 the Venezuelan cocoa production had grown ten times as large; Haiti had even bigger cocoa plantations. Much cocoa was also exported from Peru, although it was not as good. ("History of Chocolate" para 7-9) In 1870 cocoa it was introduced to the West Africa The main producer in West Africa was Ghana. ("The Third World" pg. 35). Today cocoa plantations till exists in Africa and South America.
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    the world.
    WORKERS ON A CACAO PLANTATION
    (Messrs. Cadbury's estate in Trinidad.)
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